Neurology is a medical specialty that studies diseases of the brain, spinal cord and nervous system. This field deals with the anatomy, function and disorders of the nervous system.

What is Neurology? 

Neurology is the branch of medicine concerned with diagnosing, treating and researching diseases of the nervous system. The nervous system is a critical part of the body and consists of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. Neurologists study the signs and symptoms of diseases of the brain, spinal cord and nervous system and formulate appropriate diagnosis and treatment plans.

Neurological diseases include many different types, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, migraine, brain tumors, stroke, muscle diseases, sleep disorders and nervous system infections. Symptoms of neurological diseases can vary from person to person and often require a neurological examination, imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) or electromyography (EMG).

Neurologists use advanced technological tools and methods to investigate the causes and treatment of diseases. These include neurological tests, pharmacological treatments, neurorehabilitation, neurosurgery and other interventional procedures. The treatment of neurological diseases can vary depending on the severity of symptoms, the type of disease and the person's general state of health.


Which diseases does neurology treat? 

  • Brain tumors
  • Stroke
  • Epilepsy
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Muscle diseases
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Headaches
  • Seizures

Neurology has many modalities used in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders. These include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), electroencephalography (EEG), electromyography (EMG) and neuropsychological tests. Neurology also uses medications, surgical procedures and rehabilitation programs to treat neurological disorders.