Internal Diseases

Internal medicine is an important medical specialty that deals with diseases of the body's internal organs.

What is Internal Diseases?

Internal diseases is a medical specialty that deals with diseases of the body's internal organs. Internal medicine specialists (internists) are trained to diagnose, treat and manage a wide range of diseases in adults. Internal medicine deals with health problems of the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, digestive system, endocrine system, circulatory system, rheumatic diseases, infections and many more.


What do internists do?

Internists take a comprehensive medical history and perform a physical examination. They assess the patient's symptoms and health status, and when appropriate laboratory tests, imaging tests or other medical tests are needed, they use these tests to make a diagnosis. They then use the results of these tests to determine the patient's treatment plan.

Internists specialize in treating both acute and chronic diseases. These include flu, pneumonia, asthma, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, thyroid disease and many more. Internists manage patients' medications, create diet and exercise plans and monitor their overall health, often in consultation with a team of health professionals.


Why are internists important?

Internists play a key role in diagnosing and treating many health conditions. By assessing patients' symptoms and performing the tests needed to make the appropriate diagnosis, they can determine the cause of illness and the right treatment. Internists can take measures to prevent the progression of diseases by making recommendations to improve and maintain patients' health. They are also important for monitoring and managing patients' health conditions by working with other medical specialists to coordinate their care.


Which diseases does Internal Diseases treat? 

  • Heart diseases (heart attack, heart failure, valvular heart disease, etc.)
  • Respiratory diseases (asthma, COPD, bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.)
  • Gastrointestinal diseases (ulcers, gastritis, reflux disease, colitis, liver diseases, biliary tract diseases, etc.)
  • Endocrine system diseases (diabetes, thyroid diseases, adrenal diseases, etc.)
  • Blood and lymphatic system diseases (anemia, leukemia, lymphoma, etc.)
  • Rheumatologic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, osteoarthritis, etc.)
  • Infectious diseases (bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic infections)
  • Neurological diseases (stroke, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, migraine, etc.)
  • Psychiatric diseases (depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, etc.)
  • Cancer and cancer treatment
  • Immune system diseases (AIDS, immunodeficiency diseases, etc.)
  • Trauma and burn treatment.


Internal Diseases specialists diagnose diseases and recommend appropriate treatment plans using methods such as medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests and imaging technologies. They also advise on the prevention, control and prevention of chronicity of diseases.